ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
The Commonwealth of Antigua and Barbuda
EC dollar (EC$)
Antigua and Barbuda is an independent state located in the Lesser Antilles. It is comprised of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands and formations, including Great Bird, Maiden and York Islands. Antigua and Barbuda was settled by the Arawaks and Caribs, before being claimed by the British in 1632. Aside from a short French occupation in 1666 - 1667, Antigua and Barbuda was administered by the British until independence in 1981. Antigua and Barbuda has retained the British Monarch as Head of State, with a Governor General being appointed to represent the Monarch locally. Amongst others, Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth, CARICOM and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Through its membership of the OECS, Antigua and Barbuda is a member of a regional economic union, with its official currency being the EC dollar. The Constitution is the supreme law of Antigua and Barbuda, and it establishes the executive, legislature and judiciary.
The capital city of Antigua and Barbuda, St Johns, is located on the island of Antigua. Other towns include Liberta, All Saints and Bowlands on Antigua, and Codrington on Barbuda. The country is split into six parishes and two dependencies. As reported in 2017, the population of Antigua and Barbuda is 90,800. The official language of Antigua and Barbuda is English, although many use an Antiguan and Barbudian dialect of English creole, and around 10,000 people speak Spanish.