Commonwealth of Dominica


73,500 (2016)


EC Dollar (EC$)




Dominica is an independent island state, located in the Caribbean Sea, and is part of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. Dominica is situated between the French islands of Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south. The Kalinago inhabited Dominica’s as the indigenous population prior to its colonisation by European states, notably by France from 1690’s and the UK from 1763. Dominica became independent from Great Britain in 1978, and the Constitution of Dominica is the supreme law. Dominica is a member of CARICOM, the Commonwealth and the OECS. As a member of the OECS and its economic union, the currency of Dominica is EC dollars ($EC).

As of 2016, Dominica had a population of approximately 73,500 and sits on a landmass of 750sq km. The capital city is Roseau, and along with Portsmouth, these make up to two main population centres on the island. Dominica is a republic, and became so on independence from Great Britain in 1978. As a republic, Dominica operates as a parliamentary democracy with the President as Head of State. Parliament is established through the Constitution, and consists of the President and the House of Assembly.

Whilst English is the official language of Dominica, Dominican Creole French is widely spoken. This is due in part to its history as a colony of France before the UK, and its location, sandwiched between two French Islands.