ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES
The Commonwealth of St Vincent and the Grenadines
EC dollar (EC$)
St Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent state, which is made up of a number of islands. It is located in the Lesser Antilles, and is a part of the Windward Islands. St Vincent and the Grenadines is situated south of St Lucia, west of Barbados and north of Grenada.
St Vincent is the main island of the state, and houses the capital city, Kingstown. The Grenadines are a chain of small islands and formations, which extend south from St Vincent to Grenada. A larger portion, at the northern end of the Grenadine chain, are the territory of St Vincent and the Grenadines, whilst a small portion at the southern end of the chain are the territory of Grenada. Island Caribs originally inhabited St Vincent and the Grenadines, and later, due to movement of formally enslaved Africans, the Island Caribs became the Black Caribs. The islands swapped hands as a colony between the British and French from 1627 – 1738, when the British regained control. British control then remained, in various forms, until St Vincent and the Grenadines gained independence in 1979.
St Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the Commonwealth, CARICOM and the OECS. As a member of the OECS and its economic union, the currency of St Vincent and the Grenadines is EC dollars ($EC). Persons from St Vincent and the Grenadines are referred to as ‘Vincentians’. The official language is English, however Vincentian Creole is widely spoken. As of 2016, the population of St Vincent and the Grenadines was 109,600, with a total land mass of 389 km sq.
St Vincent and the Grenadines operates as a Parliamentary Democracy and a Constitutional Monarchy. Under the Constitution, Queen Elizabeth II is the current Head of State, and the Prime Minister is the Head of Government. The Queen is represented locally by a Governor General. Parliament consists of
Her Majesty and a House of Assembly, which is comprised of appointed Senators and elected Representatives.